2018 Update on Intravitreal Injections: Euretina Expert Consensus Recommendations

Andrzej Grzybowski, Reinhard Told, Stefan Sacu, Francesco Bandello, Elad Moisseiev, Anat Loewenstein, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Intravitreal injections (IVI) have become the most common intraocular procedure worldwide with increasing numbers every year. The article presents the most up-to-date review on IVI epidemiology and techniques. Unfortunately, important issues related to pre-, peri- and postinjection management lack randomized clinical trials for a final conclusion. Also, a great diversity of approaches exists worldwide. Therefore, expert consensus recommendations on IVI techniques are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-193
Number of pages13
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 May 2018


  • Intravitreal injections
  • Treatment of retinal diseases
  • Vitreoretinal diseases


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