1, 25-Dihydroxyvitamin Dr (DHD) has been shown to suppress mitogen-induced blast transformation. This inhibition is abolished by prior elimination of adherent cells. Chronic renal failure is an immunodeficiency state on the one hand and is associated with abnormalities in vitamin I) metabolism on the other. The effect of DHD on the induction of suppressor cells in uremic vs. normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells was investigated. Study groups included 16 chronically uremic patients and 16 age-and sex-matched controls. DHD induced suppressor cell activity in normal lymphocytes. However, no suppressor cell activity was observed in lymphocytes from the uremic patients preincubated with DHD. The origin of the responder cells (normal or uremic) did not affect the outcome. The results would suggest that monocyte-adherent suppressor cells from uremic subjects are either incapable of binding DHD or fail to mount a normal post-receptor intracellular chain of events culminating in suppressor activity.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Archives of Allergy and Immunology|
|State||Published - 1988|