γδT cells in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: Higher percentages of synovial Vδ1+ and Vγ9+ T cell subsets are associated with milder disease

Yackov Berkun, Anna Bendersky, Maya Gerstein, Itamar Goldstein, Shai Padeh, Ilan Bank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. To analyze γδT cell subsets in peripheral blood (PB) and synovial fluid (SF) of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and to correlate γδT cell subsets with clinical characteristics. Methods. γδT cell subsets as percentages of CD3+ T cells in samples of PB (n = 25) and SF (n = 93) were analyzed by flow cytometry in 93 JIA patients. The percentage of Vγ9+ γδT cells after 10 days of in vitro expansion with either interleukin 2 (IL-2) or isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) plus IL-2 was determined. Results. Both Vδ1+ and Vγ9+ γδT cell subsets were detected in SF of all patients, but only the percentage of Vδ1+ cells was higher in SF compared to PB (p < 0.01). The distribution of γδT cell subsets was similar in different JIA subgroups, whereas antinuclear antibody (ANA)-positive patients had a higher percentage of SF Vδ1+ T cells than ANA-negative patients (p < 0.01). The percentage of SF Vδ1+ T cells was inversely associated with age at onset, recurrence of synovitis, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate; and that of SF Vγ9+ T cells was inversely correlated with age at onset and was higher in patients who recovered from disease (n = 15). IPP-induced expansion of SF Vγ9+ T cells correlated with disease remission, whereas the expansion of SF Vγ9+ T cells in media with IL-2 alone was significantly greater in patients with uveitis. Conclusion. The percentage of Vδ1+ and Vγ9+ γδT cells among the SF T cells and their ability to respond to IPP or IL-2 correlated with specific outcomes of JIA, suggesting their role in the immunopathogenesis of this disease. The Journal of Rheumatology

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1123-1129
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Gamma delta T cells
  • Intraarticular corticosteroid injection
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • Pediatric rheumatology
  • Synovial fluid

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