The effect of 30 days of β-alanine supplementation on neurophysiological responses of animals exposed to an acute heat stress (HS) was examined. Animals were randomized to one of three groups; exposed to HS (120 min at 40–41 °C) and fed a normal diet (EXP; n = 12); EXP and supplemented with β-alanine (EXP + BA; n = 10); or not exposed (CTL; n = 10). Hippocampal (CA1, CA3 and DG) and hypothalamic (PVN) immunoreactive (ir) cell numbers of COX2, IBA-1, BDNF, NPY and HSP70 were analyzed. Three animals in EXP and one in EXP–BA did not survive the HS, however no significant difference (p = 0.146) was noted in survival rate in EXP + BA. The % change in rectal temperature was significantly lower (p = 0.04) in EXP + BA than EXP. Elevations (p’s < 0.05) in COX-2, IBA-1 and HSP70 ir-cell numbers were noted in animals exposed to HS in all subregions. COX-2 ir-cell numbers were attenuated for EXP + BA in CA1 (p = 0.02) and PVN (p = 0.015) compared to EXP. No difference in COX-2 ir-cell numbers was noted between CTL and EXP + BA at CA1. BDNF-ir cell numbers in CA1, DG and PVN were reduced (p’s < 0.05) during HS compared to CTL. No difference in BDNF-ir cell numbers was noted between EXP + BA and CTL in CA3 and PVN. NPY-ir density was reduced in exposed animals in all subregions, but NPY-ir density for EXP-BA was greater than EXP in CA3 (p < 0.001) and PVN (p = 0.04). β-Alanine supplementation attenuated the thermoregulatory and inflammatory responses and maintained neurotrophin and neuropeptide levels during acute HS. Further research is necessary to determine whether β-alanine supplementation can increase survival rate during a heat stress.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of Dietary Supplements|
|State||Published - 2022|